How Do Birds Show Affection To Each Other?

Birds show affection towards each other by sharing food, singing, grooming, or falling asleep around each other. This can be seen between a mother bird and a baby or two birds who have mated. Birds are affectionate creatures with close-knit families.

It is fascinating to see how birds show affection for one another. Like us, they display a few different love languages through their body language, acts of kindness, and comfortability with each other.

When birds are active around each other, eat together, and do not show signs of aggression, they’re okay with each other. But being “okay” with each other isn’t an expression of affection. Birds are highly intelligent creatures who are deliberate in their actions, so they show their affection to each other in some noteworthy ways.

Below are the six most common ways birds show affection toward each other.

How Birds Show Affection Toward Each Other


Preening is how birds groom and clean themselves, like how a cat licks itself. Birds have a uropygial gland that is crucial to the preening process, which produces an oily substance that can waterproof their feathers. When a bird preens, it spreads this waxy material to evenly coat its feathers.

Birds can be found preening on each other as a gesture of kindness. In courtship, birds may mutually preen each other to express their love and care for one another. This is also seen in mother birds with their hatchlings.

Some pet birds do not possess the uropygial gland, yet they may still groom their owners by chewing on their ears, clothing, hair, and nose.

If you observe this behavior in your pet bird, it’s a good indicator that they love and trust you. It wants to groom you the way it grooms itself.

Sharing Food (Allofeeding)

This is probably one of the most common ways birds display affection. It’s usually expressed by a parent bird sharing food with its offspring.

Even after they leave the nest, baby birds are not completely independent. They will follow their parents around to consume chewed-up food.

We also seen Allofeeding when two birds mate. Spring is the time when birds come together to lay eggs and build nests, but feeding is a big part of the mating ritual.

A male bird may approach a female bird with food, such as an insect or worm, and the female will imitate the actions of a baby bird, leaning back and opening her beak to be fed. It is like an act of marriage, where both people know they are about to be together for their entire lives. As the female sits on the nest, the male gathers food to bring to her.


When a bird in the wild sings, it is often a male bird claiming his territory and letting the ladies know that there’s an active and healthy male in that direction.

It’s how they attract their mates and can also be to defend the territory from other male birds, letting them know to steer clear and pick somewhere else that isn’t already inhabited.

A pet bird may also sing to show affection towards its human. If you have a parrot, it probably makes noise a lot and knows you are entertained by its songs and chirps. The bird is happy to be with you and wants to show off its talents. Some bird species will also purr when they’re happy around their owner, like a cat.


Although it looks similar to how humans kiss, this gesture between birds is a bit more complicated than it is for people.

Birds may “kiss” platonically to publicly express that they are friendly and looking for more flock mates, attracting more birds into their pack. It can also happen during courtship or preening in familial relationships.

If you see two birds locking beaks, there’s a good chance they are just about to exchange food. While it may seem like a flirty movement to a human eye that’s untrained in the language of birds, it is simply them taking care of each other.

Rarely do birds “kiss” without having a physiological purpose.


Perhaps the most obvious way birds show affection for each other is by mating. A male bird will proudly sing and chirp, announcing he’s healthy and waiting for a mate.

Once the female bird is attracted, the singing of the male bird can be heard when he is defending his territory and protecting his kin.

When birds mate, it is almost always for life. They will preen on each other and feed each other as if it’s a gesture of them both knowing they are together forever. Once birds are together, they can be seen being affectionate with each other, continuing these behaviors and falling asleep together, signifying they are comfortable with the other’s presence.

Maternal Behaviors

Birds exhibit brooding behaviors, taking extensive measures to care for and protect their offspring, particularly between the mother and hatchling.

Before birth, the mother will sit on her eggs to keep them warm and protected. Once the chicks are born, she will feed them and take care of them until they can suffice on their own.

Co-parenting is very common between birds as well. While the mother cares for the babies and nest, the father will forage for food and protect the habitat.

Entire families of birds will allofeed. The father partially digests food and then regurgitates it into his mate’s mouth. From there, she distributes it to the children evenly also by regurgitating it.

Birds Are Affectionate Animals

Birds express affection in a variety of ways. It’s almost entirely instinctual, but they show love and affection, nonetheless. Humans may observe these behaviors in wild birds and think nothing more than it being cute and romantic, but expressions of love between birds serve an important purpose for their survival and stability.

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